Enforcement/Lack of Enforcement/Fines

AAMVA Best Practices Guide in Deterring and Detecting Fraud and Misuse

The Best Practices Guide assists motor vehicle departments in improving the issuance of disability placards and plates, the deterrence and detection of fraud in these areas, and the enforcement of disability parking violations. The intent is not to identify the one approach that all jurisdictions should follow but rather to serve as a starting point for an informed local discussion on how best to marry needs for accessible parking with needs for general parking. 

The Best Practices Guide provides guidance in the following areas; Fraud identification, issuance and renewal processes, product standards, medical issues and requirements, outreach and education, enforcement strategies, and legislation, case law, and legal challenges.

This publication resulted from a cooperative agreement between the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), and the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators (AAMVA).

Source Credit: AAMVA

DOWNLOAD: Best Practices in Deterring and Detecting Fraud and Misuse Resource
(PDF | 3mb)

 

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Draft Legislation – Tiered Parking Meter Exemption

Currently disability parking permits provide a parking meter fee exemption. By law it is 2.5 hours or the maximum time the meter allows, whichever is longer. Some permittees cannot reach or operate a meter due to a disability. By making it apply to all permittees, it created an incentive for people to fraudulently obtain or use permits belonging to someone else. The bill restricts the exemption to those who are medically certified to be unable to reach or operate a parking meter due to a disability. The bill did not pass this last legislative session, but DCAB intends to reintroduce it.

Source Credit: State of Hawaii Department of Health Disability and Communication Access Board

DOWNLOAD: Draft Legislation – Tiered Parking Meter Exemption
(PDF | 232kb)

 

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State of Illinois Parking Program for Persons with Disabilities Law Enforcement Guide

State of Illinois Parking Program for Persons with Disabilities Law Enforcement Guide.

Source Credit: Office of the Illinois Secretary of State
View Online: Parking Program for Persons with Disabilities Law Enforcement Guide

DOWNLOAD: Parking Program for Persons with Disabilities Law Enforcement Guide
(PDF | 989kb)

 

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State of Illinois Parking Program for Persons with Disabilities

The Parking Program for Persons with Disabilities is a vital program for many Illinois persons with disabilities. 

Source Credit: Office of the Illinois Secretary of State
View Online: Parking Program for Persons with Disabilities

DOWNLOAD: State of Illinois Parking Program for Persons with Disabilities
(PDF | 1mb)

 

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SFMTA-Parking Meter Revenue Audit Report

2014 Controllers Report on barriers that prevent the SFMTA from collecting the maximum potential parking meter revenue. Audit showed disabled placards comprised 40% of all nonpayment by vehicles at parking meters.

Source Credit: City and County of San Francisco, Office of the Controller

DOWNLOAD: SFMTA-Parking Meter Revenue Audit Report
(PDF | 704kb)

 

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2018 Report: National Survey on Accessible Parking and Disabled Placard Abuse

Infographic of findings from the 2018 Report on National Survey on Accessible Parking and Disabled Placard Abuse conducted by the Accessible Parking Coalition.

Source Credit: Accessible Parking Coalition

DOWNLOAD PDF: 2018 Report National Survey on Accessible Parking and Disabled Placard Abuse
(PDF | 1.6mb)

APC Survey Infographic

 

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Texas 2016 Study on Accessible Parking and Disabled Placard Abuse: A Status Update

The Texas Governor’s Committee on People with Disabilities presented an overview of its study on accessible parking and an update on accessible parking activities around the country to the Texas Council on Developmental Disabilities on May 3, 2018. This presentation summarizes study findings, recommendations, and noted best practices from other states to deter accessible parking and disabled placard fraud and abuse. Recent legislative efforts from around the country on disabled placard fraud and abuse and the formation of the National Accessible Parking Coalition formed in December 2017 are also highlighted.

Source Credit: Texas Governor’s Committee on People with Disabilities
View Online: https://gov.texas.gov/organization/disabilities/goals

DOWNLOAD: GCPD’s 2016 Study on Accessible Parking and Disabled Placard Abuse: A Status Update
(PDF | 2.6mb)

 

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2016 Texas Study on Accessible Parking and Disabled Placard Abuse

Upon invitation from the International Parking and Mobility Institute, the Texas Governor’s Committee on People with Disabilities presented an overview of its study on accessible parking to the Stakeholder’s Forum on Accessible Parking and Disabled Placard Abuse on December 6, 2017 in Washington, D.C. This presentation summarizes study findings, recommendations, and noted best practices from other states to deter accessible parking and disabled placard fraud and abuse. Also highlighted are recent legislative efforts from around the country addressing disabled placard fraud and abuse which impacts the daily lives of people with disabilities.

Source Credit: Texas Governor’s Committee on People with Disabilities
View Online: https://gov.texas.gov/organization/disabilities/goals

DOWNLOAD: 2016 Texas Study on Accessible Parking and Disabled Placard Abuse
(PDF | 6.1mb)

 

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Texas Interim Report: A Review of Accessible Parking for Persons with Disabilities

During the 84th Legislative Session, House Bill 1317 charged the Texas Governor’s Committee on People with Disabilities to study accessible parking issues. Areas mandated for study included accessible parking laws and requirements in Texas and other states; the ADA and related federal regulations, 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design, and 2012 Texas Accessibility Standards; and accessible parking policies for state-owned parking lots and the Texas State Capitol grounds. This report discusses findings that emerged from data gathered from sources including public testimony, surveys distributed to persons with disabilities and businesses, state multi-agency meetings, and similarly-situated organizations in other states.

Source Credit: Texas Governor’s Committee on People with Disabilities
View Online: https://gov.texas.gov/organization/disabilities/goals

DOWNLOAD: Interim Report: A Review of Accessible Parking for Persons with Disabilities
(PDF | 14.5mb)

 

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Los Angeles Accessible Parking Policy Advisory Committee Report

In summer 2016, a Los Angeles committee on Accessible Parking was formed at the request of Mayor Garcetti. This stakeholder group was comprised of disability rights advocates, transportation experts, and other stakeholder representatives. The group was charged with better understanding the complex issues around accessible parking, and coming up with a series of recommended solutions. The group met for nearly nine months, arriving at a package of policy recommendations to increase access to street parking for disabled drivers and reducing parking placard misuse.

Source Credit: City of Los Angeles Department of Transportation

DOWNLOAD: Los Angeles Accessible Parking Policy Advisory Committee Report
(PDF | 73kb)

 

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